Forex Fundamental Information That You Need

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Most Frequently Asked Forex Questions And Responses

What is Forex trading?

Forex (Foreign Exchange Market), is an international exchange market where currencies from around the world are traded. This includes buying and selling world currencies.

The world’s largest traded market is the Forex market. It is traded around the world but there are the most active Forex traders in the United Kingdom, the United States, Japan, and Europe.

Foreign exchange is simply the mechanism that values a currency in terms of another currency, providing a vital shock absorber for the international economic, financial, and political divergences. Given the continuously changing geopolitical and economic balances, this FX shock absorber is needed more than ever.

How does Forex trading work?

forex OTC

Forex is often traded in pairs, e.g. USD / EUR, USD / JPY, EUR / JPY, GBP / CHF, CAD / USD. You get ‘ short ‘ in one currency and ‘ long ‘ in the other. Unlike conventional stocks, Forex trading has no centralized market.

It is considered as Over-the-Counter or Inter-bank, as transactions are made between two counterparts through an electronic network or telephone connections. The forex market operates as a 24-hour open market.

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What are the most common currencies in the Forex markets?

Forex’s most liquid currencies are those of low-inflation, stable governments, and respected central banks.


Nearly 85% of daily transactions involve major currencies, including the British Pound, the Canadian Dollar, the Australian Dollar, the US Dollar, the Japanese Yen, the European Union Euro, and the Swiss Franc.

How is pricing determined for certain currencies?

The full range of economic and political factors has an effect on currency pricing. It is generally held that key factors include interest rates, inflation rates, and political stability.

Governments engage in the forex market every now and then to control their currency’s traded price. These and other market issues can affect disproportionate comparative volatility in currency prices, such as very large orders.

The sheer size of the forex market puts a stop to any single factor from dominating the market for any length of time.

How are currency prices determined?

A variety of economic and political conditions influence currency prices, the most important of which are interest rates, inflation, and political stability.

In addition, governments often engage in the forex market in order to manipulate the value of their currencies, either by flooding the market with their domestic currency in an attempt to lower the price or by purchasing the other way around to raise the price.

This is known as the central bank intervention. Any of these factors, as well as large market orders, can cause high volatility in currency prices. However, the size and volume of the forex market make it virtually impossible for anyone entity to “drive” the market for any length of time.

When is the Forex market open for trading?

forex works 24 hours.

Yes, Forex is a 24-hour global marketplace. Trading day begins in Sydney as each financial center wakes up and moves around the globe. First he heads to Tokyo, then to London, then to New York. Investors can respond to any fluctuations caused by current economic, social and political events and actions in real time.

What is the best time of the day to trade?

Forex is a 24 hours 6 days market from Sunday evening to the Friday close of the New York session.

profitable hours

This does not mean that anytime is the best time to trade. The best time to trade is when the currency pair is meeting the conditions the trader has established for the trade. When a winning pattern appears, it’s the best time to trade

How fair is the Forex Market?

The Forex market is so large and is made up of so many players that no one party, not even a big government, can fully control the market’s long-term movement.

How high is the risk in Forex trading?

The risks of losing money in Forex trading is high, but it is controllable via proper education and trading system. The trading system is a must in Forex trading. Charts, graphs, or pivot points are a handful to indicate the right time to enter or exit the market. An ‘automated system’, such as make your easier As, in any trading market, discipline, control of emotion, and money management are the traits needed to succeed in Forex trading.

Forex trading rewards can be very lucrative if traders brilliantly handle their risk. It assumes that you can have full control over the amount that you risk for each trade.

We recommend that you trade on a demo account until you have shown a profit before trading real money for at least three consecutive months.

Forex vs. traditional stocks/mutual funds trading: How do they match up?

Forex and conventional stocks are different types of trading. When trading Forex, most trader’s objectives are to predict short term movement in the currency exchange values.

Most Forex trading is done in day-trading style where traders will buy and sell on the same day. Different from Forex, stocks and mutual funds trading is more to long term style where trades may last for years or even decades.

Most traded currencies are British Pounds, US Dollars, Australian Dollars, Japanese Yen, Swiss Francs, Canadian Dollars, and Euro.

Who are the major players in Forex trading?

big players

According to Wall Street Journal Europe, Deutsche Bank covered 73 percent of the trade volume, covering 17 percent of total currency trades; followed by UBS, Citi Group, HSBC, Barclays, Merril Lynch, J. P. Morgan Chase, Goldman Sachs, ABN Amro, and Morgan Stanley.

What tools do I need to start trading Forex?

Starting Forex trading doesn’t need many things. A Forex account, computer with an internet connection is practically enough to begin foreign currency trading. Nonetheless, proper Forex training and comprehensive methods are highly recommended to mitigate the Forex market risks.

Also, beginner traders must launch their Forex trading first with a demo account. A demo account is an account set up with’ play’ money to train and develop your trading skills. Opening a demo account with most online Forex brokers is free and doesn’t endanger your real business money.

What is a pip?

Pip stands for “percentage in point” and it is the smallest increment by which a Forex cross-price changes. Most currency pairs are quoted to four decimal places, meaning that a movement from 1.1850 to 1.1851 for a currency pair would constitute one pip.

For a specific position, you can measure a single pip value using the equation below. For example, you know the EUR / USD is quoted with four decimals, so you can divide the position number by one pip value or USD 0.0001 for a given position.

So, on a EUR/USD 100,000 contract, one pip would equal USD 10. On a USD/JPY 100,000 contract, one pip is equal to JPY 1,000 because USD/JPY is quoted with only two decimals (meaning 1 pip = JPY 0.01).

What is a currency pair?

A currency pair is a Forex instrument, also known as a cross, for example, USD/JPY. When you trade-in Forex, you always trade currencies in pairs. Thus in the example of USD/JPY, this pairing indicates that you trade U.S. Dollars against Japanese Yen. If you buy dollars, you pay in yen, and if you sell dollars you receive yen.

What is the spread?

The difference between the Bid price (at which you can sell the trading instrument) and the Ask price (at which you can buy the trading instrument).

What does Value Date mean?

The date when the settlement of funds for a trade transaction will take place in your account. This is usually at spot (2 working days after the trade) but can be less or more days. This allows time for the necessary paperwork and cash transfers to be arranged.

What are the two basic trading strategies for buying or selling as applies to any time frame?

One can start shaping a trade strategy by seeing where the price can find support or resistance. Then the trading strategy can be developed on whether to trade the break or break those areas of support or resistance.

How much money do I have to keep in my account once it is open?

Once your account is open, there is no minimum balance requirement beyond the margin rates for any positions held in your account. But usually this dependence of the broker that you pick.

Is there a central location for the Forex Market?

Forex trading is not controlled through an exchange. As transactions are performed between two counterparts, the FX market is over the counter (OTC) market or a broker.

Who participates in the Forex market?

Central, investment and commercial banks have conventionally dominated the Forex market. Other market participation is speedily increasing and includes at the moment international money managers and brokers, registered dealers, multinational corporations, options and futures traders, and private investors.

What is Margin?

Margin is a performance bond that assures against trading losses. Margin requirements in the Forex market permit you to hold positions a good deal larger than the asset value of your account. The trade is carried out if there are sufficient margin funds in your account only.

How do margin calls work?

A margin call is produced once the equity balance in an account drops below the margin requirement for that size account. Any open positions are immediately liquidated if the maximum allowable leverage has been exceeded, not considering the nature or size of the positions.

What are “short” and “long” positions?

Short positions are taken when a trader sells currency in expectation of a recession in price. Making this move allows the investor to profit from a turndown. Long positions are taken when a trader buys a currency at a low price in expectation of selling it later for more.

Making these moves allows the investor to benefit from altering market prices. Keep in mind! As currencies are traded in pairs, every forex position certainly requires the investor to go short in one currency and long in the other.

How can I manage risk?

In Forex trading, the most common risk management tools are the stop-loss order and the limit order. The stop-loss order directs that a position be automatically liquidated at a definite price in order to protect the position against dramatic changes.

A limit order sets the maximum price that the investor is eager to pay in a transaction, with a minimum price to be received in exchange. The foreign exchange market is so liquid that it is easy to carry out stop-loss and limit orders.

What trading strategy should I use?

Both economic essentials and technical aspects influence the decisions of currency traders. Traders who follow economic essentials use government-issued reports, current news, and broad economic trends to predict movements in price.

Technical traders are dependent on trend lines, support and resistance levels, and a variety of charts and precise analysis to identify trading opportunities. In due course, the most significant price movements happen in close association with unexpected events.

The central bank may change rates without warning, or an election puts an unexpected candidate in power. News from conflicts surely impacts currency pricing. As a rule, it is the expectation of a certain event rather than the actual event that makes price pressures.

How often can trades be made?

As one might suppose, trading activity on any particular day depends on current market conditions. Some small to medium size traders can make as many as 10 transactions in a day. By means of not charging commission and offering tight spreads.

How long should a position be maintained?

By and large, Forex traders hold positions until one of three criteria is seen:
A sufficient profit has been taken in from the position. A pre-set stop-loss order is generated. A better potential position appears and the trader needs to liquidate funds to take advantage of it.